The development of enterprise internal logistics
Guideline: Under the influence of economic globalization, the competition among production enterprises is becoming increasingly fierce. How to effectively allocate and use resources to reduce manufacturing costs and logistics costs has become an issue of concern to enterprises. Enterprise internal logistics has become a major focus of corporate competition. Under the premise that enterprises attach importance to internal logistics, how does the development of internal logistics affect the material handling industry?
1. Three connotations of internal logistics
The core part of internal logistics is production logistics, that is, factory logistics or workshop logistics. It is the physical flow of raw materials, work-in-process, semi-finished products, finished products, etc. within the enterprise during the production process. In addition, it also includes supply logistics and sales logistics. Supply logistics is the input and supply of production materials needed for the production and operation of the enterprise. Sales logistics is the output of the logistics system. This is the end of enterprise logistics and the starting point of macro-logistics.
2. Why pay attention to internal logistics
From the three connotations of internal logistics, it can be seen that internal logistics is a supply chain management. In order to meet the needs of customers, at the lowest cost, through transportation, storage, distribution and other methods, the raw materials, semi-finished products, finished products and related information can be obtained from the goods. In the whole process of planning, implementation and management from the place of production to the place of consumption of the goods, it is very important to pay attention to the internal logistics.
1. Internal logistics is a prerequisite for the normal production of enterprises.
With the development of the economy, companies are more and more important to the supply of materials. A good internal logistics management system is a prerequisite to ensure the normal supply of materials for the company, and it is also a prerequisite for the normal production and operation of the company, and to improve the level of internal logistics management of the company. It is a kind of demand within the enterprise, and the continuous improvement of logistics management level can guarantee the production and normal operation of the enterprise.
2. Internal logistics is the key to a company's competitive advantage.
According to statistical data, in the entire production process of the product, the material used for processing and inspection only accounts for 5% of the time, while the remaining 95% of the time is in the state of storage, loading, unloading, conveying and waiting for processing. In addition, it needs to be specially pointed out. However, 20% to 40% of the manufacturing cost is directly related to the circulation time of the logistics link, so internal logistics has also become the key to a company's competitive advantage.
3. Intralogistics create added value for the enterprise.
Through the following methods and measures, the company has provided a guarantee for creating added value. For example: improve the overall management and control level of logistics, reduce waste in logistics activities; have a system design idea in the design, and make a reasonable layout of logistics storage and transportation; improve the degree of informatization of enterprise internal logistics management, promote the application of effective information management systems in a timely manner, and be mature Logistics technology; make full use of social logistics resources to continuously improve the transportation and distribution system; the logistics management system has clear objectives, and conducts integrated supply chain management such as full-process monitoring of logistics management, strengthens the relationship between nodes, and manages internal logistics within the enterprise Put forward higher requirements, let the internal logistics create added value for the enterprise.
Three, the development direction of internal logistics
Internal logistics is indispensable in ensuring the normal production of enterprises, gaining competitive advantages for enterprises and creating added value for enterprises. What is the future development direction of internal logistics.
Due to the rapid development of e-commerce, the relationship between enterprises and customers is getting closer and closer, and personalized services require materials, semi-finished products, and finished products to reach customers directly through all links of production in the shortest time. The important tasks of production logistics are centered on production. The supply chain is shifting to a demand-centric, personalized, multi-variety, and small-batch Internet-thinking supply chain. Under this premise, the development direction of internal logistics is summarized as follows:
1. Construct a modern enterprise internal logistics system centered on information technology.
Modern enterprise internal logistics should take information technology as the main core, and its development trend is manifested in informationization, automation, intelligence and integration. Under the supply chain management structure, relevant enterprises in the supply chain integrate the information required for supply chain integration with other Enterprises share, which is of great significance to improve logistics efficiency and reduce logistics costs.
2. Integration is an inevitable trend.
The integration of enterprise logistics is to meet the needs of customers with lower operating costs. It integrates supply logistics, production logistics, sales logistics and business flow, information flow and capital flow, so that modern logistics can be used in terms of quantity, quality, type, price, delivery time, location, method, packaging and logistics distribution information. Meet customer requirements
3. Intralogistics shift to a supply chain centered on the individual needs of customers
In order to meet the different needs of customers in different regions for products in a timely manner, companies should try their best to extend product customization to the final consumers of the supply chain. After the customer confirms the order, the final assembly and distribution are completed according to the specific requirements of the order, so that the company can respond to market needs more timely and accurately. For example, IBM's customization of individual requirements is a successful case of the enterprise's modern logistics development model.
4. Green logistics is the future development trend of enterprise internal logistics
As human beings pay more and more attention to environmental protection, "low carbon" has penetrated into all aspects of social and economic development in various countries. In this context, the concept of "green logistics" has also emerged, which provides a corresponding new direction for the development of enterprise internal logistics, controls the pollution of the logistics system, and in the planning and decision-making of the logistics system and logistics activities Try to use solutions that have less environmental pollution, such as battery forklifts for material transportation.
Fourth, the development of internal logistics promotes the improvement of handling tools
1. Material handling tools are moving towards intelligence.
Under the influence of the modern enterprise internal logistics system with information technology as the core, the traditional transportation is upgraded with information technology transformation, combined with the actual situation of the enterprise, and continuously improved product control technology, gradually realize the intelligentization of product control, and improve the level of product intelligence. Many domestic industrial vehicle companies, including Heli and Hangcha, have developed manipulators and unmanned vehicles with laser guidance, electromagnetic guidance, and visual guidance technologies. These are the applications of automation equipment in the logistics industry. At the LogiMAT2017 exhibition in Stuttgart, Germany, Linde demonstrated the'application of drones in inventory counting, which is an innovative connection between drones and intelligent robotic forklifts.
2. Comprehensive material handling solutions will replace traditional handling methods.
The integration of enterprise logistics has further improved the requirements of enterprises for material handling flexibility and adaptability. Therefore, a comprehensive solution tailored to customer requirements will replace traditional handling methods. While becoming a top industrial vehicle manufacturer, it should also consider the use of UPC universal product codes, RFID radio frequency technology, WMS warehouse management systems, warehouse navigation systems, wireless mobile data collection solutions, unmanned AGV solutions and other advanced Technology, design and project planning, material handling system control, equipment control installation, commissioning, maintenance and service to achieve a comprehensive material handling solution is the direction of the future development of the handling company. In fact, many companies in the logistics and handling companies have already noticed this. Jungheinrich’s UPC shuttle system, WMS warehouse management system and Jungheinrich’s full range of products were exhibited for the first time in 2013 in China. Demonstrating Jungheinrich's internal logistics solutions. Toyota recently established a new business branch-"Toyota Advanced Logistics Solutions", through the acquisition of BastianSolutions Systems, Vanderlande, and constantly improve to provide customers with comprehensive material handling solutions services.
3. From bulky and rigid equipment to small, multi-functional equipment.
In order to meet the individual needs of customers as the center of the supply chain, the equipment design requirements are smaller and lighter to ensure more flexibility in the use of equipment. Combined with the small number of inventories and orders, the concept of lean is becoming more and more important. Intralogistics is undergoing a fundamental transformation. Lightweight, multifunctional equipment is more suitable for small-load operators and carton-packed goods. Linde CITI Truck and Ningbo Shipida are lightweight handling tools between manual and electric pallet trucks. In terms of design and use, more consideration is given to the characteristics of internal logistics and future development trends.
4. Leveraging the professional market with "private customized" products
In order to meet the flexible production of production enterprises, the "private customization" of industrial products gradually seizes the professional market, and in order to meet the market demand, personalized products tailored to the needs, let the enterprise embark on the road of innovation.
5. Wide application of green, safe and environmentally friendly products
While striving to achieve economic benefits and create value for customers, manufacturers have begun to pay attention to environmental protection and believe in the sustainable development of energy and the environment. The wide application of green, safe and environmentally friendly products includes the introduction of green production in the production process, as well as production The products produced meet the requirements of green, safety and environmental protection. For example, use raw materials, save energy, recover all recyclable materials, constantly look for possibilities for improvement, and try to reduce the emissions of some production plants and reduce the fuel consumption of forklifts. The energy-saving and environmentally friendly forklift factory opened in Shanghai in 2013 by Jungheinrich was built in accordance with the latest environmental protection standards, with the goal of making the production process more environmentally friendly and more efficient. In recent years, in terms of the market situation of electric forklifts and internal combustion forklifts, the market share of electric forklifts has gradually increased. The first seminar on electric, new energy and smart technology in China's industrial vehicle industry held last year pointed out the direction for us. In the future, we will use hydrogen, etc. Forklifts powered by new energy sources will also be used.
In short, all logistics activities cannot directly create value. If wasteful processes and operations can be minimized, this is to create value for the company and achieve "handling the necessary parts at the necessary time." The internal logistics of the production company continues Development, in the process of its development, has also effectively promoted the improvement of the material handling industry and promoted the development of the industry in a sustainable and healthy direction.